Eyjafjallajökull Volcano | Iceland's Fiery Glacier, Photos & Facts

Eyjafjallajökull is a stratovolcano located in Iceland, known for its eruption in 2010 that disrupted air travel in Europe.

Eyjafjallajökull Volcano
Eyjafjallajökull Volcano

Here are some key facts about the Eyjafjallajökull volcano:

1. Location

Eyjafjallajökull is situated in the southern part of Iceland, not far from the country's capital, Reykjavik. It is part of a volcanic system that includes the larger Katla volcano to the east.

2. Name

The name Eyjafjallajökull is Icelandic and can be challenging to pronounce for those not familiar with the language. It roughly translates to "Island Mountain Glacier," with "Eyja" meaning "island," "fjalla" meaning "mountain," and "jökull" meaning "glacier."

3. Eruption History

Eyjafjallajökull has a history of eruptions, with recorded eruptions dating back to the 9th century. The volcano is characterized by a crater at its summit and is covered by an ice cap, making eruptions more complex due to the interaction of lava and ice.

4. 2010 Eruption

The most famous eruption of Eyjafjallajökull occurred in 2010. This eruption began on March 20, 2010, and continued intermittently until May 23, 2010. The eruption caused widespread disruption to air travel in Europe because the volcanic ash plume posed a hazard to aircraft engines. Many European airports were closed, leading to canceled flights and stranded travelers.

5. Impact

The 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull had significant economic and logistical consequences. It cost the aviation industry billions of dollars in losses and affected millions of passengers. The disruption also highlighted the need for improved monitoring and preparedness for volcanic eruptions in the region.

6. Ongoing Monitoring

Eyjafjallajökull, like many Icelandic volcanoes, is closely monitored by the Icelandic Meteorological Office and other agencies to detect signs of increased volcanic activity. This monitoring helps to provide early warnings and prepare for potential eruptions.

7. Tourism

Despite its potential for eruptions, Eyjafjallajökull is a popular tourist destination due to its scenic beauty and the opportunity to witness firsthand the effects of volcanic activity in Iceland. Visitors can explore the area and even hike to the summit, although this requires a certain level of fitness and preparedness.

In summary, Eyjafjallajökull is a notable volcano in Iceland known for its 2010 eruption, which caused significant disruptions in European air travel. It is an example of the geological activity that makes Iceland a unique and geologically active country.

Eyjafjallajökull Volcano Map